Contemporary history of Luxembourg

Zwangssoldaten, Malgré-Nous, Zwangsrekrutéiert? - Terms, Numbers and Statistics

14 October 2021

Warlux project
Workshop organised by the WARLUX project team.

Zwangssoldaten, Malgré-Nous, Zwangsrekrutéiert – three regions, three terms, one fate? After the German invasion of its western neighbours, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg in 1940, the border regions reaching from Eastern Belgium over Luxembourg to Alsace-Lorraine were seen by the Third Reich as lost German territories that needed reintegration into the Reich. One part of that reintegration policy was recruiting the local female and male youth into German labour services and armed forces.

This workshop will present the recruitments in each of these areas and focus on their historical similarities and differences. Further,  it will analyse the etymology and the legal aspect of the different terms describing the recruits. The workshop’s emphasis is on the quantitative analysis of contemporary sources. How can certain sources for example help researchers to challenge persisting narratives and statistics, in order to give a clearer view of the numbers, the recruitment processes and the war experiences within Eastern Belgium, Alsace-Lorraine and Luxembourg?


Thursday, 14 October 2021

10.00 - 17.30

Hybrid event

Maison Sciences Humaines, 11 Portes des Sciences, 4365 Esch/Alzette

If you wish to particpate in-person, please contact us at before 30 September 2021. Places are limited due to health regulations.


Online via Webex

Please register via Eventbrite to join the workshop online.

Languages: German, French and English

We will welcome speakers from Belgium, France, Germany and Luxembourg,


For more information on the WARLUX-project, please have a look on our website and research blog