How does the digitisation of archival material change the research practices on the European history? Over the last decades, calls to “provincialise” the historiography of Europe have shaped the historiographical debate and led to new perspectives on the history of European integration and transnational European history (Patel 2018, François and Serrier, 2017). Digitised sources might offer historians the opportunity to do just that.
With the digitisation of historical materials, such as the press, historians may broaden the scope of the classical source corpus in European historiography, by relying for instance on keyword search and collecting an ample range of press articles dealing with Europe, as Florian Greiner did in 2014. To provide another example, Frédéric Clavert, in his project UNSURE, resorts to digitally born archives of newsgroups to analyse the discussions on Europe in the 1990s-2000s, to shed light on the opposition to the European integration outside of mass media. These examples display significant efforts to meet the challenges of European integration historiography and led us to invite young researchers and PhD students to share their research using digitised/digital sources or digital tools on European integration history:
How can the digitisation of sources and digital tools help face the challenge of ‘capturing Europe’?
The sources produced by European institutions have increasingly been made available online. The European Union institutions have engaged in the digitisation of their archives and made them available online, as well as the Archive of European Integration (AEI) based at the University of Pittsburgh (USA). The CVCE collection (Centre Virtuel pour la Connaissance sur l’Europe – Virtual Resource Centre for Knowledge about Europe) has selected archives of the European integration and made them available online for scholars and students to use. Beyond EU archives, European platforms of digitised sources like Europeana have shown how difficult it can be to overcome the national silos, but also how the annotation with metadata can help searching in multilingual collections.
Digital and digitised materials open historical sources to be computationally processed, enhanced and analysed with digital tools. Some attempts have already been undertaken to use automatic classification tools to help navigate unclassified EU digitised archives (Hengchen et alii, 2016). The datification of historical sources also opens the possibility to prepare them (or their annotations) for the visualisation of networks (see the work of Martin Grandjean), or the “distant reading” of large collections (for instance with histograph). Using these materials can require the mastering of certain technical skills or statistical theory, which can be difficult to integrate in the humanist scientific papers. We propose to discuss the challenges of this interdisciplinary methodologies.
We invite early-career researchers and PhD students to share their experience on their ongoing research using these sources and/or tools along (but not limited to) the following questions:
- Digitised sources – what uses, what outcomes for European integration historiography?
- Digitisation of national archives and EU institutional archives
- Digitally born material: social media, webarchives
- Digitisation of generic historical sources at European scale: newspapers, books, maps, images
The allure of the digital Europe: the “perils and pleasure” of the digital?
- Digital source criticism: what collections are made available online and how?
- Oral history and multimedia collections of the European integration history: enhanced access, new visibility?
- Interface criticism: how handy are the interfaces, what navigation options are offered to browse the collections, how connected are the collections with external databases?
- Producing new workflows for collecting digitised sources or using digital tools, from the note collection to the collection of data, the annotation of digital sources?
- Visualisation of historical data as another heuristic practice?
Please submit here (https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=ceds2020) an abstract of 500 words, three keywords describing it and a short academic bio (200 words) before 15.03.2020. Notifications will be sent on the 30.03.2020.
No registration fees. The Conference will provide coffee breaks, lunches and dinners for those who are presenting, as well as accommodation. The conference will take place in Luxembourg, on the 28-29.05.2020, and will be hosted by the Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH), University of Luxembourg, a research centre, focusing on high-quality research, analysis and public dissemination in the field of contemporary Luxembourgish and European history. It promotes an interdisciplinary approach with a particular focus on new digital methods and tools for historical research and teaching.
The History of European Integration Research Society (HEIRS) is a postgraduate student network. HEIRS aims at fostering the collaboration and interaction of postgraduate researchers across Europe with an interest in European integration history. Webpage: https://heirsweb.wordpress.com/
- Anne BRUCH
- Estelle BUNOUT
- Anastasia REMES
- Otilia TIRA
Danescu, Elena, et ali. ‘The Werner Committee Network - CVCE Website’: https://www.cvce.eu/en/digital-innovation/projects/netviz/werner-networks.
Abel, Richard. 2013. ‘The Pleasures and Perils of Big Data in Digitized Newspapers’. Film History 25 (1–2): 1–10. https://doi.org/10.2979/filmhistory.25.1-2.1.
Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe. Princeton University Press, 2008.
Clavert, Frédéric. ‘L’Europe «non supervisée»: nouveau blog pour un nouveau projet de recherche’. Billet. L’histoire contemporaine à l’ère numérique (blog). https://histnum.hypotheses.org/3175.
Grandjean, Martin. ‘Les réseaux de la coopération intellectuelle. La Société des Nations comme actrice des échanges scientifiques et culturels dans l’entre-deux-guerres’. Université de Lausanne, Faculté des lettres, 2018. https://serval.unil.ch/notice/serval:BIB_8576D4084057.
Greiner, Florian. Wege nach Europa: Deutungen eines imaginierten Kontinents in deutschen, britischen und amerikanischen Printmedien, 1914-1945. Wallstein Verlag, 2014.
Hengchen, Simon, et ali. ‘Exploring Archives with Probabilistic Models: Topic Modelling for the Valorisation of Digitised Archives of the European Commission’. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data), 3245–49. Washington, DC: IEEE, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/BigData.2016.7840981.
Patel, Kiran Klaus, Projekt Europa: Eine kritische Geschichte, C.H. Beck Verlag, 2018
Novak, Jasminko, et ali. ‘HistoGraph -- A Visualization Tool for Collaborative Analysis of Networks from Historical Social Multimedia Collections’. In 2014 18th International Conference on Information Visualisation, 241–50. Paris: IEEE, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1109/IV.2014.47.
Serrier, Thomas, and Etienne François. Europa, notre histoire. Paris: Les Arènes, 2017.