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Une juste présence du passé?

Une juste présence du passé?

1 February 2020


Denis Scuto
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article
"'Katholisches Milieu' und 'Stunde Null'? Brüche und Kontinuitäten im Aachen der Nachkriegszeit im Spiegel von Biographien

"'Katholisches Milieu' und 'Stunde Null'? Brüche und Kontinuitäten im Aachen der Nachkriegszeit im Spiegel von Biographien

30 January 2020


Werner Tschacher
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article
Taxing intangible assets in Europe

Taxing intangible assets in Europe

The globalisation of the digital economy is indicative of a changing multidimensional paradigm driven by a number of factors: the primacy of intangible assets in value creation; a growing transnational and international dimension in the production and consumption of goods and services; the transition from human labour to artificial intelligence; the increasing dominance of networks of stakeholders over individual players; the emergence of new forms of sharing, creation, collaboration and innovation; and the need to harmonise rules, standards and policies (including in the area of taxation)

29 January 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
“If we think small, we stay small” - Introduction to the interview with Viviane Reding

“If we think small, we stay small” - Introduction to the interview with Viviane Reding

In the line of women who have helped build Europe, Luxembourg’s Viviane Reding (born on 27 April 1951 in Esch-sur-Alzette) is a key figure. After her studies, including a PhD in Human Science at Paris Sorbonne University, she worked as a journalist at the Luxemburger Wort for more than 20 years and chaired the Luxembourg Union of Journalists.

29 January 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
De quoi l’histoire du Web fait-elle l’histoire ?

De quoi l’histoire du Web fait-elle l’histoire ?

Si les historien-ne-s se sont d’abord intéressé-es à l’histoire d’Internet avant celle du World Wide Web, la recherche dédiée au Web s’est développée ces dernières années, en lien avec un intérêt croissant pour les usages et les cultures numériques. Les archives du Web ont également contribué à stimuler l’intérêt pour la Toile et cette intervention se propose de revenir sur ces jalons historiographiques récents et majeurs.

27 January 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
L'archive sera médiée ou ne sera pas

L'archive sera médiée ou ne sera pas

Intervention dans le cadre de la thématique Avenir de l'archive sur IA, archives et place des archivistes, bibliothécaires et documentalistes dans ces évolutions.

23 January 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien": Folge 1 "2x50 Jahre Geschichte Ostbelgiens"

Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien": Folge 1 "2x50 Jahre Geschichte Ostbelgiens"

In einer achtteiligen Reihe setzen sich die beiden Historiker Christoph Brüll und Andreas Fickers im BRF mit "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" auseinander. Zum Auftakt ihrer Serie würdigen sie die Pionierleistung der früheren BHF-Journalisten Peter Thomas und Hubert Jenniges. Sie hatten zu Beginn der 1970er Jahre die Sendereihe "50 Jahre Geschichte der Ostkantone" erstellt. Fickers und Brüll nennen ihre erste Episode denn auch "Zweimal 50 Jahre Ostbelgien".

15 January 2020


Andreas Fickers, Christoph Brüll
Article
Computers and Computing in Society

Computers and Computing in Society

This review essay aims to highlight some of these recent trends within the history of computing and information technology through the consideration of three recently published books : 1/ Frank Bösch (Ed.) 2018. Wege in die Gesellschaft. Computernutzung in der Bundesrepublik (1955–1990). Geschichte der Gegenwart, Bd. 20. Göttingen: Wallstein, geb.; 2/ Marie Hicks 2017. Programmed Inequality. How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 3/ Joy Lisi Rankin 2018. A People’s History of Computing in the United States.

14 January 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Punched Cards in Accounting at Helena Rubinstein

Punched Cards in Accounting at Helena Rubinstein

Placing the design and use of computing devices into a broader context, I focus on the societal, business, and labour developments at the basis of new computer models. One of five carefully selected case studies considers the use of Powers-Samas and later I.C.T. punched card equipment in accounting at the Helena Rubinstein make-up concern in London during the 1950s. For each case my research looks into changes in occupations after the introduction of new computer models, as well as its influence on the work space and workflow of employees.

8 January 2020


Sytze Van Herck
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Update für die Hermeneutik. Geschichtswissenschaft auf dem Weg zur digitalen Forensik?

Update für die Hermeneutik. Geschichtswissenschaft auf dem Weg zur digitalen Forensik?

»[…] wenn ›die Quelle‹ die Reliquie historischen Arbeitens ist – nicht nur Überbleibsel, sondern auch Objekt wissenschaftlicher Verehrung –, dann wäre analog ›das Archiv‹ die Kirche der Geschichtswissenschaft, in der die heiligen Handlungen des Suchens, Findens, Entdeckens und Erforschens vollzogen werden.« Achim Landwehr wirft in seinem geschichtstheoretischen Essay den Historikern ihren »Quellenglauben« vor – diese Kritik ließe sich im digitalen Zeitalter leicht auf die Heilsversprechen der Apostel der »Big Data Revolution« übertragen.

1 January 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Environment and settlement location choice in Stone Age Estonia

Environment and settlement location choice in Stone Age Estonia

The location choice of Stone Age settlements has been long considered to be influenced by environmental conditions. Proximity to water and sandy soils are most typical examples of those conditions. The notion of the influence resulted from the evidence from a relatively small amount of sites. During the recent decades the number of known settlements has increased to a level where statistical assessment of relation between environmental characteristics and settlement location choice is possible.

1 January 2020


Kaarel Sikk
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Einleitung: Die belgische Militärpräsenz in Deutschland (1945-2005). Umrisse eines Forschungsfelds

Einleitung: Die belgische Militärpräsenz in Deutschland (1945-2005). Umrisse eines Forschungsfelds

his volume analyses Belgian garrisons in the Rhineland and Westphalia after the Second World War. They are analysed as contact zones that clearly indicate the political, economic, societal and military consequences of European integration for daily coexistence. The book’s contributions focus on mechanisms and catalysts of entanglement, dissolution and coexistence in local spaces, which did not relocate transnational contacts within Europe to national borderlines, but permanently (re-) configured them in a confined space. How do transnational contacts take place?

1 January 2020


Christoph Brüll
Article
The Veil, Colonial Discourses of Legitimation and the Algerian War of Independence

The Veil, Colonial Discourses of Legitimation and the Algerian War of Independence

1 January 2020


Julia Harnoncourt
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article
Zwischen neuem „Hör-Gefühl“ und „Psychoterror“: Die Debatte über die emotionale Wirkung der Kunstkopf-Stereophonie im Hörspiel der 1970er Jahre

Zwischen neuem „Hör-Gefühl“ und „Psychoterror“: Die Debatte über die emotionale Wirkung der Kunstkopf-Stereophonie im Hörspiel der 1970er Jahre

1 January 2020


Stefan Krebs
  • Public history
Article
Material Cultures of Psychiatry

Material Cultures of Psychiatry

1 January 2020


Benoît Majerus
Article
Making Europe - Looking at the history of Europe in the long twentieth century through the lens of technology

Making Europe - Looking at the history of Europe in the long twentieth century through the lens of technology

Science and technology are at the very heart of the European project. But how to write a history of Europe in the making when using technology as an actor category and lens of analysis? This is the driving narrative behind Making Europe: Technology and Transformations (1850-2000) – a sixvolume series on the history of Europe in the «long twentieth century»1. All volumes in the series are co-authored by two or three authors and are the result of an intense debate and discussion amongst all people involved in this collective endeavor.

1 January 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Too small to be of interest, too large to grasp? Histories of the Luxembourg financial centre

Too small to be of interest, too large to grasp? Histories of the Luxembourg financial centre

The importance of smaller financial centres in international capitalism has recently been highlighted by a number of ‘leaks’. Yet such public attention stands in contrast to the paucity of historiographical research on these relatively new centres. To this regard, Luxembourg provides an interesting case study. While identified as a ‘global specialist’ by the Global Financial Centres Index, the genealogy of how it came to achieve this status remains largely under-researched.

1 January 2020


Benoît Majerus
Article
Kateřina Čapková – David Rechter, eds., Židé, nebo Němci? Německy mluvící Židé v poválečném Československu, Polsku a Německu [Jews or Germans? German-Speaking Jews in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Germany after World War II]

Kateřina Čapková – David Rechter, eds., Židé, nebo Němci? Německy mluvící Židé v poválečném Československu, Polsku a Německu [Jews or Germans? German-Speaking Jews in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Germany after World War II]

The edited book ‘Jews or Germans?’ seeks
to explore the post-war expulsion of the
German minority, which did not involve
only Nazi adherents and ideologists. To
a certain extent, the entire process of displacement
should not be apprehended
solely from national or ethnic perspectives
with clearly defined categories. In this
sense, the project aims to problematize the
established view of Jewish emigration
history.

1 January 2020


Jakub Bronec
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Machine Learning to Geographically Enrich Understudied Sources: A Conceptual Approach

Machine Learning to Geographically Enrich Understudied Sources: A Conceptual Approach

This paper discusses the added value of applying machine learning (ML) to contextually enrich digital collections. In this study, we employed ML as a method to geographically enrich historical datasets. Specifically, we used a sequence tagging tool (Riedl and Padó 2018) which implements TensorFlow to perform NER on a corpus of historical immigrant newspapers. Afterwards, the entities were extracted and geocoded. The aim was to prepare large quantities of unstructured data for a conceptual historical analysis of geographical references.

1 January 2020


Lorella Viola
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Belgisch-deutsche Kontakträume in Rheinland und Westfalen, 1945-1995

Belgisch-deutsche Kontakträume in Rheinland und Westfalen, 1945-1995

This volume analyses Belgian garrisons in the Rhineland and Westphalia after the Second World War. They are analysed as contact zones that clearly indicate the political, economic, societal and military consequences of European integration for daily coexistence. The book’s contributions focus on mechanisms and catalysts of entanglement, dissolution and coexistence in local spaces, which did not relocate transnational contacts within Europe to national borderlines, but permanently (re-) configured them in a confined space. How do transnational contacts take place?

1 January 2020


Christoph Brüll
Article

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