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The ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s

The ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s

The development of data networks was based on the technical convergence of two worlds in the 1960s: telecommunications and computing. The ITU was thereby involved early on through the Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT, now known as ITU- T) in the debates concerning transport protocols that arose from the 1970s. At the CCITT, telecommunications’ representatives decided in favour of virtual circuits, which enjoyed a long lifespan. Nevertheless, this choice diverged from the one made by the Arpanet’s researchers, and later the Internet’s community.

1 June 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Internet histories early career researcher award

Internet histories early career researcher award

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original approaches to the study of internet history. These papers all help enrich our perspectives and broaden them in many ways, from Brazil to China, from Cyberactivitst to Civil Society at large, from Gender Studies to Platform Studies, from Emails to Interfaces, while demonstrating again that there is no unique path to write “Internet Histories.”

1 June 2020


Valérie Schafer
Article
Het Dagboek van Anne Frank en andere Joodse Egodocumenten

Het Dagboek van Anne Frank en andere Joodse Egodocumenten

31 May 2020


Gerben Zaagsma
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" Folge 5: Auf der Suche nach dem „wir“

Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" Folge 5: Auf der Suche nach dem „wir“

In Episode fünf der Sendereihe "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" befassen sich die Historiker Andreas Fickers und Christoph Brüll mit Sprachpolitik und Identitätsdebatten zwischen 1962 und 1980. „Sag mir, wie du sprichst, und ich sage dir, wer du bist“ – so lautet ein vielzitiertes Bonmot. Ohne Zweifel zählt die Sprachenfrage zu den zentralen Themen der Geschichte unserer Region, durchzieht sie doch gleichermaßen die politischen, sozialen wie kulturellen Dimensionen dessen, was wir als Identität bezeichnen.

20 May 2020


Andreas Fickers, Christoph Brüll
Article
Flucht- und Wanderungsbewegungen in Ostbelgien 1944/45

Flucht- und Wanderungsbewegungen in Ostbelgien 1944/45

13 May 2020


Christoph Brüll
Article
Lecture by Julianne Nyhan "New findings and new questions about the origins of Digital Humanities". Recording and interview.

Lecture by Julianne Nyhan "New findings and new questions about the origins of Digital Humanities". Recording and interview.

Lecture "New findings and new questions about the origins of Digital Humanities: on the state of the art of histories of the Index Thomisticus project of Fr Roberto Busa S.J." by Dr. Julianne Nyhan, UCL (London), and exclusive interview for the C²DH’s ‘New Horizons’ lecture series.

12 May 2020


Noëlle Schon
  • Digital history & historiography
De la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne

De la déclaration du 9 mai 1950 vers l’Union européenne

Destiné à un large public de tous horisons, cette publications originale traite de la signification historique de la Déclaration prononcée le 9 mai 1950 par Robert Schuman, de ses échos dans le présent, ainsi que des liens de Robert Schuman avec le Luxembourg et du rôle du Grand-Duché dans la construction européenne. Une section distincte est consacrée à la Maison de Robert Schuman située à Clausen sur laquelle l'Université du Luxembourg veille depuis 2016, le Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH).

9 May 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
"Un texte qui a changé le monde"

"Un texte qui a changé le monde"

L’Union européenne plonge ses racines dans la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1945), le conflit le plus meurtrier de l’histoire de l’humanité. Alors que l’Europe tente de se reconstruire, des tensions politiques fracturent le continent entre l’Est et l’Ouest et la guerre froide naissante fait resurgir le spectre d’une nouvelle confrontation. Mais comment forger une paix durable entre les adversaires d’hier ? Le problème principal réside dans la relation entre la France et l'Allemagne, ennemies héréditaires, qui se sont fait par trois fois la guerre (1870, 1914 et 1939).

8 May 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Studying Events: Feedback on a Pedagogical Experiment

Studying Events: Feedback on a Pedagogical Experiment

Based on the experience of the Winter School I conducted for 2 years on Web archives at the university of Luxembourg and which involved research on European events and Europan history by Master’s students, I will draw some methodological conclusions (interesting topics, difficulties in grasping participation, typology of transnational events with regard to Web archives, issues of visual studies and transmedia studies...).

5 May 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Contextualising and engaging with Web domains

Contextualising and engaging with Web domains

This presentation suggests concrete avenues both to contextualize research on web domains and domain names (e.g. collaboration with the Afnic in France and use of its web archives to retrieve the price of a domain name, its policy for allocating domain names, the number of domain names it allocated with regards to the domain names retrieved in web archives, etc.) but also to create public engagement with this topic (identifying the first web page in each country, the most represented twitter accounts in web archives, etc.).

5 May 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Varieties of Democracy (V-DEM) Report "Autocratization Surges - Resistance Grows" (2020)

Varieties of Democracy (V-DEM) Report "Autocratization Surges - Resistance Grows" (2020)

Main findings 2020. Autocratization – the decline of democratic traits – accelerates in the world: for the first time since 2001, autocracies are in the majority: 92 countries – home to 54% of the global population. Almost 35% of the world’s population live in autocratizing nations – 2.6 billion people.
EU has its first non-democracy as a member: Hungary is now classed as an electoral authoritarian regime.

2 May 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Naissance et extension du réseau Internet

Naissance et extension du réseau Internet

Du réseau ARPANET né dans le contexte de la guerre froide aux réseaux socio-numériques d’aujourd’hui, le développement des communications numériques en réseau a entraîné en cinquante ans des changements majeurs, que ce soit en termes d’usages et de services mais aussi d’utilisateurs, passés d’un public plutôt restreint et universitaire au grand public.

1 May 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Taxing intangible assets: issues and challenges for a digital Europe

Taxing intangible assets: issues and challenges for a digital Europe

Value creation is increasingly based on knowledge and intangible assets. This trend has gained momentum with the development of the service sector, the rise in competition as a result of
globalisation and deregulation, and the impact of the digital revolution.Innovation has proven to be a key factor in economic growth. In the aftermath of the global crisis; public authorities,

24 April 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Viviane Reding on her action in the field of the information society and media (2004-2010)

Viviane Reding on her action in the field of the information society and media (2004-2010)

The following pages are taken from a long interview (more than eight hours of footage in total) that Viviane Reding granted us in 2015 in connection with the “Pierre Werner and Europe” research project. Drawing on more than 40 years’ experience in politics, Viviane Reding spoke about her career, the role of Luxembourg and Luxembourgers in the European integration process, and various key events in which she played a part.

21 April 2020


Elena Danescu
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" Folge 4: "sorties de guerre"

Radio-Feature "100 Jahre Ostbelgien" Folge 4: "sorties de guerre"

Zuerst die Angliederung an Belgien im Jahr 1920. Dann die Annexion durch Deutschland im Mai 1940. Und letztlich die Rückkehr in den belgischen Staat im Jahr 1945.

Auch für die Menschen brachten diese Jahre zahlreiche Veränderungen mit sich: Was richtig gewesen war, konnte nach dem nächsten Wendepunkt falsch sein. Wer davor zur Elite gehörte, konnte nach dem nächsten Systemwechsel ausgeschlossen sein.

15 April 2020


Andreas Fickers, Christoph Brüll
Article
Mehr Mut zum Experimentieren. Digitale Lehre - Interview mit Andreas Fickers

Mehr Mut zum Experimentieren. Digitale Lehre - Interview mit Andreas Fickers

14 April 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
“The internet and the European market” from a multidisciplinary perspective: a “round-doc” discussion

“The internet and the European market” from a multidisciplinary perspective: a “round-doc” discussion

Received 24 February 2020 Accepted 28 February 2020
KEYWORDS
EU Market; Internet; Digital Market; Governance; Digital Europe; Regulation

1 April 2020


Valérie Schafer, Andreas Fickers
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Activism on and off the bench: Pierre Pescatore and the law of integration

Activism on and off the bench: Pierre Pescatore and the law of integration

This article examines the life and career of Pierre Pescatore, one of the
most prominent, but also controversial, promoters of European
Community law. Drawing on extensive archive material, as well as
interviews with relatives, it aims at understanding how and why he left
such a strong footprint on the development of Community, later EU, law,
both as a judge at the European Court of Justice and as a law scholar.
Going beyond a one-man story, the article situates him in the broader

1 April 2020


Vera Fritz
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article
#covid19fr - un pays confiné sur Twitter

#covid19fr - un pays confiné sur Twitter

Le projet de recherche #covid19fr a pour but de comprendre les interactions entre les réseaux sociaux numériques – plus particulièrement Twitter - et la mémoire collective en formation du confinement des pays francophones lors de l'épidémie du COVID-19.

22 March 2020


Frédéric Clavert
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Une pandémie, cent ans plus tard

Une pandémie, cent ans plus tard

21 March 2020


Denis Scuto
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article

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