The article provides an overview of the categories of forced workers from the USSR in Luxembourg during the Second World War. In particular, in addition to specific figures, selected biographies of both Soviet prisoners of war and civilian "Eastern workers" are given. The article treats their transportation from the Nazi-occupied Soviet territories, the life in a Luxembourger camp, living conditions, supply of clothes and shoes, food, working conditions and punishments. It also provides examples of the Luxembourg population sheltering prisoners who escaped from the camp. The article ends with a statistical summary of the penalties for collaboration, which were subjected to forced workers who returned to their Soviet homeland.