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Computers and Computing in Society

Computers and Computing in Society

This review essay aims to highlight some of these recent trends within the history of computing and information technology through the consideration of three recently published books : 1/ Frank Bösch (Ed.) 2018. Wege in die Gesellschaft. Computernutzung in der Bundesrepublik (1955–1990). Geschichte der Gegenwart, Bd. 20. Göttingen: Wallstein, geb.; 2/ Marie Hicks 2017. Programmed Inequality. How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 3/ Joy Lisi Rankin 2018. A People’s History of Computing in the United States.

14 January 2020


Valérie Schafer
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
The MAXQDA and ethic commitments

The MAXQDA and ethic commitments

The aim of this blogpost is to review data analysis software. None of the qualitative software (nVivo, Atlas.ti, Maxqda, dedoose.) actually "analyse" the data for you in the way that quantitative software does. They are more applicable in systematically organising, coding, annotating, visualising, etc. rather than data analysis. In essence, the analysis is still the user’s burden, and the software only assists in managing and exploring the data.

8 January 2020


Jakub Bronec
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Punched Cards in Accounting at Helena Rubinstein

Punched Cards in Accounting at Helena Rubinstein

Placing the design and use of computing devices into a broader context, I focus on the societal, business, and labour developments at the basis of new computer models. One of five carefully selected case studies considers the use of Powers-Samas and later I.C.T. punched card equipment in accounting at the Helena Rubinstein make-up concern in London during the 1950s. For each case my research looks into changes in occupations after the introduction of new computer models, as well as its influence on the work space and workflow of employees.

8 January 2020


Sytze Van Herck
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
CVH Malach – Centrum vizuální historie Konference a workshop o novém přístupu a využití video databáze Fortunoff

CVH Malach – Centrum vizuální historie Konference a workshop o novém přístupu a využití video databáze Fortunoff

On May 18, I took part in a very interesting workshop organized by the Malach Centre for Visual History at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of the Charles University in Prague. This exceptional association provides local access to the extensive digital archives of the USC Shoah Foundation - the Institute for Visual history and Education (USC), the Refugee Voices archive of the Association of Jewish Refugees and the testimony collection of the Jewish Holocaust Centre in Melbourne.

1 January 2020


Jakub Bronec
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Making Europe - Looking at the history of Europe in the long twentieth century through the lens of technology

Making Europe - Looking at the history of Europe in the long twentieth century through the lens of technology

Science and technology are at the very heart of the European project. But how to write a history of Europe in the making when using technology as an actor category and lens of analysis? This is the driving narrative behind Making Europe: Technology and Transformations (1850-2000) – a sixvolume series on the history of Europe in the «long twentieth century»1. All volumes in the series are co-authored by two or three authors and are the result of an intense debate and discussion amongst all people involved in this collective endeavor.

1 January 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Too small to be of interest, too large to grasp? Histories of the Luxembourg financial centre

Too small to be of interest, too large to grasp? Histories of the Luxembourg financial centre

The importance of smaller financial centres in international capitalism has recently been highlighted by a number of ‘leaks’. Yet such public attention stands in contrast to the paucity of historiographical research on these relatively new centres. To this regard, Luxembourg provides an interesting case study. While identified as a ‘global specialist’ by the Global Financial Centres Index, the genealogy of how it came to achieve this status remains largely under-researched.

1 January 2020


Benoît Majerus
Article
Special Issue: The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Border Making and its Consequences.

Special Issue: The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Border Making and its Consequences.

1 January 2020


Machteld Venken
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
Kateřina Čapková – David Rechter, eds., Židé, nebo Němci? Německy mluvící Židé v poválečném Československu, Polsku a Německu [Jews or Germans? German-Speaking Jews in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Germany after World War II]

Kateřina Čapková – David Rechter, eds., Židé, nebo Němci? Německy mluvící Židé v poválečném Československu, Polsku a Německu [Jews or Germans? German-Speaking Jews in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Germany after World War II]

The edited book ‘Jews or Germans?’ seeks
to explore the post-war expulsion of the
German minority, which did not involve
only Nazi adherents and ideologists. To
a certain extent, the entire process of displacement
should not be apprehended
solely from national or ethnic perspectives
with clearly defined categories. In this
sense, the project aims to problematize the
established view of Jewish emigration
history.

1 January 2020


Jakub Bronec
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
The Rise of Television: Institutionalization and the Framing of National Audiences

The Rise of Television: Institutionalization and the Framing of National Audiences

1 January 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Machine Learning to Geographically Enrich Understudied Sources: A Conceptual Approach

Machine Learning to Geographically Enrich Understudied Sources: A Conceptual Approach

This paper discusses the added value of applying machine learning (ML) to contextually enrich digital collections. In this study, we employed ML as a method to geographically enrich historical datasets. Specifically, we used a sequence tagging tool (Riedl and Padó 2018) which implements TensorFlow to perform NER on a corpus of historical immigrant newspapers. Afterwards, the entities were extracted and geocoded. The aim was to prepare large quantities of unstructured data for a conceptual historical analysis of geographical references.

1 January 2020


Lorella Viola
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Belgisch-deutsche Kontakträume in Rheinland und Westfalen, 1945-1995

Belgisch-deutsche Kontakträume in Rheinland und Westfalen, 1945-1995

This volume analyses Belgian garrisons in the Rhineland and Westphalia after the Second World War. They are analysed as contact zones that clearly indicate the political, economic, societal and military consequences of European integration for daily coexistence. The book’s contributions focus on mechanisms and catalysts of entanglement, dissolution and coexistence in local spaces, which did not relocate transnational contacts within Europe to national borderlines, but permanently (re-) configured them in a confined space. How do transnational contacts take place?

1 January 2020


Christoph Brüll
Article
Make Italy great again. Trump’s echo and discursive manipulations in Salvini’s end of the year Facebook speech

Make Italy great again. Trump’s echo and discursive manipulations in Salvini’s end of the year Facebook speech

The strategic use of the so-called new media has become more and more central to the way in which politicians, especially populist exponents, reach out to their audiences. Perhaps due to their immediate and widespread resonance, social media platforms have proven to be particularly well-suited to the way populist messages are shaped. Their impact seems to be highly effective even beyond the geographical and cultural borders of the audience the messages are originally conceived for.

1 January 2020


Lorella Viola
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Material Cultures of Psychiatry

Material Cultures of Psychiatry

1 January 2020


Benoît Majerus
Article
Schumann's Eck - an interactive documentary

Schumann's Eck - an interactive documentary

Interactive web documentary realised by the students of the Bachelor Course in Contemporary History of Luxembourg (Summer Semester 2019) in collaboration with the National Museum of Military History, Diekirch.

1 January 2020


Sandra Camarda, Denis Scuto, Gerben Zaagsma, Dominique Santana
  • Public history
Article
Wallichs, Adolf

Wallichs, Adolf

1 January 2020


Werner Tschacher, Stefan Krebs
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article
Commercial Radio Stations and their Dispositif. Transnational and Intermedial Perspectives on Radio Luxembourg and Europe n°1 in the Long Sixties.

Commercial Radio Stations and their Dispositif. Transnational and Intermedial Perspectives on Radio Luxembourg and Europe n°1 in the Long Sixties.

Commercial radio stations Radio Luxembourg (French and English services) and Europe n°1 are the focal point of this work. They were popular institutions in Western Europe throughout the Long Sixties (1958-1974) working across media and broadcasting transnationally. This thesis postulates the existence of an overarching dispositif of commercial radio stations that enabled them to operate on various dimensions and differentiated them from other broadcasters. The research conducted in this thesis leans on various historical sources (i.e.

1 January 2020


Richard Legay
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
Article
The Jew In Czech And Slovak Imagination, 1938-89: Antisemitism, The Holocaust, And Zionism,

The Jew In Czech And Slovak Imagination, 1938-89: Antisemitism, The Holocaust, And Zionism,

1 January 2020


Jakub Bronec
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Sammelbesprechung Sound History

Sammelbesprechung Sound History

1 January 2020


Stefan Krebs
  • Public history
Article
Europe Materializing? Auf dem Weg zu einer transnationalen Geschichte der europäischen Infrastrukturen

Europe Materializing? Auf dem Weg zu einer transnationalen Geschichte der europäischen Infrastrukturen

1 January 2020


Andreas Fickers
  • Public history
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
  • Contemporary history of Europe
  • Digital history & historiography
Article
Rezension - Ewige Ruhe? Grabkulturen in Luxemburg und den Nachbarregionen / Concession à perpétuité? Culture funéraires au Luxembourg et dans les régions voisines, hg. v. Sonja Kmec, Robert L. Philippart, Antoinette Reuter, Luxembourg :…

Rezension - Ewige Ruhe? Grabkulturen in Luxemburg und den Nachbarregionen / Concession à perpétuité? Culture funéraires au Luxembourg et dans les régions voisines, hg. v. Sonja Kmec, Robert L. Philippart, Antoinette Reuter, Luxembourg :…

1 January 2020


Nina Janz
  • Contemporary history of Luxembourg
Article

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